Has growth capital been marginalised in the Middle East in recent years, and is it now set to make a comeback? Answering the first part of that question is close to impossible. There’s nothing to stop firms from claiming the growth capital tag, even if, in doing so, some may be taking a liberty. Furthermore, because a definition of growth capital is problematic, producing statistics-based evidence is equally so. The degree of prevalence of the strategy is, therefore, necessarily anecdotal.
Post-crisis, the landscape for investment in the Middle East is completely transformed. As elsewhere, the buyout model that involved the use of significant amounts of leverage lies dormant. The pre-IPO market, meanwhile, was reliant on investor fervour now becalmed.
Into this temporary vacuum of strategic credibility, growth capital players are tentatively staking their claims to investor capital. Among these is Saffar Capital, a Dubai-based financial services specialist. The firm, which since inception in 2001 has invested from its own balance sheet, is currently in the market for its debut third-party fund. It is hoping to raise $150 million by the middle of next year.
Saffar applies two main strategic rationales in a new deal context. One is to adopt concepts that have worked successfully on the global stage and apply them to the Middle East. The second is to take a local, UAE-based business and expand it regionally. Saffar chief executive Mishaal Al-Usaimi recently told us that these local businesses often find it hard to grow out of their home markets into the likes of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Saffar helps them to do this, often by creating joint ventures with local partners.
Al-Usaimi believes that sentiment towards his firm has taken a turn for the better since the crisis. In particular, he believes that sophisticated family offices in Europe and Asia will not be put off by the long time horizon involved in building companies from the ground up. “We say to some of the family offices ‘do you realise our strategy takes between five and seven years?’ and they say ‘we’re surprised it’s that short’.”
Al-Usaimi argues that, with the likes of pre-IPOs and PIPE deals prevalent in the recent past, investors in Middle Eastern private equity funds have often been paying 2 & 20 for no good reason. Funds that provide intensive support to businesses over the long term can at least claim to provide value for money on fees. Whether or not they can live up to return expectations will be key, however – and waiting for the evidence on that front may demand too much patience for many investors’ liking.